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For its third annual conference, the Jaap Bakema Study Centre aimed to look more closely into new developments in architectural drawing, specifically the cross-pollination between the media of paper and pixels. Selected papers and special guests brought a wide variety of challenging perspectives to the conference. 

Papers presented in this conference addressed some of the questions and themes were elaborated in our Call for Papers. Session 1 questioned how software and digital modeling software disrupt traditional design processes. In session 2, practitioners and educators showed their explorations in terms of protocols and practices, combinations of digital and analog that pushed the boundaries of expression and representation. In the final paper session, scholars reflected on how digital tools expand the ways we relate to, and produce, the built and social environment. The conference program and book of abstracts is available to download by clicking in the link below.

In addition, the conference hosted two special sessions. The first one was devoted to the exploration of new relations between the digital, art, and craft. Serban Bordea, speaking on behalf of visual artist Ilona Lénárd, explained the robotic painting project titled Machining Emotion, which establishes a mutual relationship between human emotions and robotic machines.  TU Delft researcher Filippo Maria Doria  presented his awarded Archiprix project and his related research into the perception of architecture. Architect Tony Fretton described the use he makes of digital sketching and how technology has affected his practice.

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A special session with Carel Weeber and Henk Vanstappen was held around a pop-up exhibition showing examples of digital architecture from the collection of Het Nieuwe Instituut / Rijksarchief voor Architectuur en Stedenbouw. The display presented works by SAR, NNAO, Carel Weeber, OMA, Abel Cahen, Asymptote, UN Studio, MVRDV, Winka Dubbeldam, and Van den Broek en Bakema, and was curated and presented to the audience by Herry Berens and Suzanne Mulder (Het Nieuwe Instituut).

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“In that time, 1967, my colleagues in Delft, the professors, didn’t allow my students to use the computer to make the drawings… Because if you made a computer drawing, it was not a drawing.”

“In no way it was possible to design complicated buildings with the first Atari computer we had in our office; you had to make simple buildings to produce them in the computer. But I always did simple buildings, so for me it was very useful to move to the computer. Although, in that time, simple buildings were not very popular in Holland”

“I don’t think that the use of the computer changed my designs, I was just not interested in complicated buildings… I like simple buildings, and, of course, I don’t like to spend too much time on them. The quicker the nicer.”

Programme Wednesday 31 November

Location: TU Delft


Peter Russell, Dean of the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, TU Delft

14:00-15:30 Paper session 1

How software and digital modelling disrupt traditional design processes

  • Exploiting Images of the Physical Environment to Produce New Modes of Architectural Drawing, Joshua Taron, University of Calgary
  • The Adjacent Intelligible. Extracting Fully Intelligible Worlds Through Architectural Drawing, Otto Paans & Ralf Pasel, TU Berlin
  • Has Traditional Drawing Died?, Rebeca Merino, Universidad de Valladolid
  • Fictions: A Speculative Account of Design Mediums, Damjan Jovanovic, Städelschule Frankfurt

Moderated by Stavros Kousoulas, TU Delft


A special session with artists and architects that explore through their work new relations between the digital, art and craft

  • Serban Bodea, Researcher TU Delft, speaking on behalf of Ilona Lénárd
  • Filippo Maria Doria, PhD researcher, TU Delft
  • Tony Fretton, principal of Tony Fretton Architects, Emeritus Professor TU Delft

Moderated by Dirk van den Heuvel


Programme Thursday 1 December

Locations: TU Delft & Het Nieuwe Instituut

Protocols and practices
9:15-10:45 Paper session 2 (TU Delft)

Combination of digital and analog to push the boundaries of expression and representation

  • The Monolith Drawing, Ephraim Joris, KU Leuven
  • High-Speed Design, or Designing and Thinking in “Google” Images, Adrian Phiffer, University of Toronto
  • Process Drawing, Riet Eeckhout, KU Leuven
  • BLDG_DRWG, Cyrus Penarroyo, University of Michigan

Moderated by Marten Kuijpers, Het Nieuwe Instituut

Theories and reflections
11:00-12:30 Paper session 3 (TU Delft)

Speculations on digital tools expanding the ways we relate to, and produce, the built and social environment

  • Allographic Machines: Transferring Between Designing and Making in Architecture, Corneel Cannaerts, KU Leuven
  • Zaha Hadid’s Architectural Presentations in the Move to the Digital, Desley Luscombe, University of Technology Sydney
  • Sites of Knowledge: Prototypical Translations of Architectural Drawings and Models, Federica Goffi, Carleton University
  • The Potential for Radical Politics in Rendering, Tobias Revell, London College of Communication

Moderated by Alper Alkan, TU Delft

Collecting paper and pixels
16:00-17:30 (Het Nieuwe Instituut)

A special session with cases of research and practice in digital archives, with:

Suzanne Mulder (Het Nieuwe Instituut); Carel Weeber (CASarchitects); MVRDV; Henk Verstappen (Datable).

Moderated by Hetty Berens, Het Nieuwe Instituut

17:30-18:00 (Het Nieuwe Instituut)

Faculteit Bouwkunde, TU Delft
Julianalaan 134
2628 BL Delft

Het Nieuwe Instituut
Museumpark 25
3015 CB Rotterdam